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Monday, August 15, 2011 @ 5:42 AM

Hemodialysis

In medicine, hemodialysis (also haemodialysis) is a method for removing waste products such as potassium and urea, as well as free water from the blood when the kidneys are in renal failure. Hemodialysis is one of three renal replacement therapies (the other two being renal transplant; peritoneal dialysis).Hemodialysis can be an outpatient or inpatient therapy.

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Food and Stress


Food that reduces stress has got important role in stress management. A high fiber rich food acts as natural tranquillizers. Vitamins and minerals are helpful in relieving stress. Vitamins namely, Vitamin B complex, C and E. Minerals like selenium, zinc and magnesium.

Food essential for relieving stress:
• Fresh fruits, vegetables, soups, skim milk, fish, and yogurt.
• Fruits and vegetables provide vitamins and minerals. They also provide fiber which helps in relieving stress. For example constipation which is a long term stresses. Yogurt contains minerals as calcium which helps in stress relieving. For example peptic ulcer. Whole wheat flour and yeasts provide B complex vitamins including pantothenic acid which is often described as anti stress vitamin. Sprouted grams and citrus fruits are rich source of vitamin C which acts as antioxidant and helps in relieving stress. Dark chocolate relives stress.
• Nutrient-dense nuts such as almonds are amazing stress fighters thanks to high levels of magnesium, zinc, vitamins B and E, plus healthy oils.
• Animal foods; although some can help relieve stress, don't go overboard, as high amounts of protein increase levels of stress-causing dopamine and nor epinephrine in the brain.
• Most types of fish are replete with all-important B vitamins, particularly the renowned stress fighters B6 and B12. In fact, B12 is one of the most important vitamins involved in the synthesis of the "happy" brain chemical serotonin; a vitamin B12 deficiency can even lead to depression.
• Almonds are rich with vitamin B2 (riboflavin), vitamin E, magnesium, and zinc. B vitamins and magnesium are involved in the production of serotonin, which helps regulate mood and relieve stress. Zinc has also been shown to fight some of the negative effects of stress, while vitamin E is an antioxidant that destroys the free radicals related to stress and heart disease.
• Bananas are packed with vitamin B, a nutrient that keeps blood pressure and stress hormones in check during high-tension situations.
• Avocado lowers blood pressure thanks to high contents of potassium and healthy fat (monounsaturated).
• Milk also contains antioxidants that help destroy free radicals associated with stress.
• Blueberries are also a good source of fiber, which can help relieve the cramps and constipation that can occur in times of stress
    Foods to avoid in stress:

    Food items like Tea, coffee, cocoa, junk foods, egg yolks, butter, cheese, meat, coconut oil, cashews, beverages like soda, chocolate, sugar, alcohol etc. which aggravate the signs and symptoms are to be avoided.

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    Otoplasty


    Otoplasty is a cosmetic surgery to change the appearance of the person’s external ears. Otoplasty can be done for various reasons like
    • Bringing the ears closer to the head (ear pinning)
    • Reducing the size of very big ears
    • Reshaping various bends of the ear cartilage.
    Otoplasty surgery involves a combination of moving, reshaping, adding or removing structural ear components. This procedure is usually preformed by either an oral and maxillofacial surgeon, plastic surgeon or an ENT surgeon.
    Typically Otoplasty surgery takes about two hours. The dressing over the operated ears can extend for few weeks as protection and the patient can experience mild discomfort. Headbands may be prescribed for night time wears.

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    Joint Pains


    »   Eat garlic cloves fried in butter for treatment of joint pains.
      »   You can also prepare an ointment by mixing 60 ml of vinegar and water each. Allow it to boil, later add 1-2 teaspoon of black pepper. Cool it and then gently massage over the affected area. This will give fast relief from joint pains.

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    Peptic Ulcer


     »   Banana is one of the effective method in the treatment of peptic ulcer.It works on lowering the acidic substance inside the body.
      »   Wood apple (bael) is another useful fruit in treating peptic ulcer. Take few bael leaves and keep it into water overnight. Drain the mixture and take this 2-3 times a day.
      »   Patient suffering from peptic ulcer should also take lemon extract or juice. Prepare fresh lemon juice and add little amount of salt to it. This drink helps in digestion and hence helps in treating peptic ulcers.
      »   Cut cabbage into small pieces, allow the vegetable to boil in water till the constituent become half. Drain the mixture and take this 2-3 time a day. You can also add little amount of black pepper powder to it. This is the best remedy for peptic ulcer.
      »   Put 2-3 tablespoon of fenugreek (methi) seeds and in a glass of water and boil it. Add little amount of salt to it. Allow the mixture to boil till it become half of its constituent. Take this mixture 2-3 times a day, until the ulcer is not cured completely.
      »   Drumstick leaves are another common home remedy for the treatment of peptic ulcer. Make the paste of drum stick. Mix this paste in fresh curd. Take this 2-3 times a day. This will relieve the peptic ulcer

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    Psoriasis


     »   A cup of Bitter gourd juice mixed with one table of lime juice, take this in early morning with empty stomach for four to six months. this is one of the home remedy for Psoriasis.
      »   Take small amount of almond powder and boil it thoroughly in water. This is used for external application on the affected part. Keep it overnight and wash it next day with water.
      »   Boil some soap nut (shikakai) in water and apply on the affected parts. This will also gives relief from psoriasis.
      »   Make a dilute solution of lime juice with water. Apply this externally on the psoriatic patches.
      »   - Cabbage soup is also an effective home remedy for psoriasis. Take one cup of soup every day it will get relief from psoriasis

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    Anorexia


    Anorexia nervosa is a psychiatric illness leads to eating disorder characterized by extremely low body weight and body image distortion with an obsessive fear of gaining weight. Individuals with anorexia have extreme weight loss. Weight loss is usually 15% below the person's normal body weight.
    The key factors associated with anorexia nervosa are:
    • Refusal to sustain a minimally normal body weight
    • Intense fear of gaining weight, despite being underweight
    • Distorted view of one’s body or weight, or denial of the dangers of one’s low weight
    Types:
    Anorexia has been classified into two types include:

    Restricting type: This is characterized by the patient adopting unhealthy habits, like fasting, to avoid weight gain.

    Binge eating or Purging type: This type is characterized by the use of self-induced vomiting, or misuse of laxatives or diuretics to help in the prevention of weight gain.

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